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认知语法十讲--Ronald W. Langacker
来源:dota2比分直播 发布时间:2006-03-20

北航语言学系列讲座
认知语法十讲
Ten Lectures in Cognitive Grammar
Ronald W. Langacker

我们荣幸地邀请到了世界著名语言学家,认知语言学创始人之一,加州大学的Ronald W. Langacker 教授来我校讲学, 欢迎大家前来听讲。

主办单位:北京航空航天大学外语系、北京航空航天大学外国语言研究所
协办单位:北京师范大学、北京语言大学、北京外国语大学、清华大学

主讲内容:Langacker 教授将利用十讲系统讲授认知语法的产生、发展、核心议题、最新动态及未来趋势等。
时间及地点:为了照顾外地人员听讲,我们对讲学做了比较集中的安排。第一讲至第六讲在北京航空航天大学。第七讲至第十讲,分别由北京师范大学、北京语言大学、北京外国语大学、清华大学负责安排和接待。
食宿、交通费用一律自理。为了方便外地听众,我们可以协助在北航校内招待所代订房间。 二人标准间每日每间房价为170元(培训楼,010-82317925)、132元(招待所,010-82317927)、120元(双航培训部,010-82317085)。需住宿者请务必在4月2日24时前将姓名、性别、单位、房价、联系电话、独住或合住、日期等信息电邮至北京航空航天大学外语系滕雄老师fld@buaa.edu.cn或传真至:010-82315605。订到房间后,我们将把你的上述资料留给招待所,并且通知您。届时您可自行前往。(注:双航培训部房间不能预订,只能视当天房源情况安排,请见谅!)

报名程序:为了准确预测听讲人数,准备足够的材料和座位,听讲人员必须将自己的如下7项信息(姓名:邮编,单位地址,职称/或学生,听第几讲,电子邮件地址,联系电话)在4月2日24时前电邮至thomasli@buaa.edu.cnthomaslifuyin@hotmail.com。邮件主题写“北航讲座报名”。

北京航空航天大学 外语系
外国语言研究所
2006年3月15日
咨询人:李福印
电子邮件:thomasli@buaa.edu.cn;
thomaslifuyin@hotmail.com


Ten Lectures in Cognitive Grammar
Ronald W. Langacker
April 2006


1. Conceptual Semantics

时间:4月7日,星期五,上午11:00-13:00
地点:北航主M302。

This is a basic introduction to central ideas of cognitive semantics. Major topics include cognitive domains and the various dimensions of construal. Also discussed are polysemy, dynamicity, and fictivity.

2. Dynamicity, Fictivity, and Scanning

时间:4月7日,星期五,下午3:00-5:00
地点:北航主M401。

Dynamicity pertains to how a conceptualization unfolds through processing time. Fictivity pertains to the status of the conceptual entities evoked. Surprisingly often, linguistic expressions refer directly to fictive (or “virtual”) individuals and events, even for purposes of talking about actual ones. These phenomena come together in fictive mental scanning, i.e. sequential access to a virtual range of alternatives. Dynamicity, fictivity, and other imaginative capacities are especially important for the semantic description of elements usually considered “logical” in nature, such as universal quantifiers.


3. Symbolic Grammar and Constructions


时间:4月8日,星期六,上午9:00-11:00
地点:北航一号楼316室。

This is a basic introduction to the symbolic view of grammar proposed in the Cognitive Grammar framework. Topics discussed include overall architecture, grammatical categories, prototypical and non-prototypical constructions, and grammatical dependencies (notably subject and object).


4. Constructional Integration and Grammaticization

时间:4月8日,星期六,下午3:00-5:00
地点:北航一号楼316室。

An important but underappreciated aspect of grammar is the extent of the integration a grammatical construction specifies among its constitutive elements. Besides its vital role in synchronic grammar, this essential aspect of constructional meaning is a pivotal factor in grammaticization. These points are illustrated through a variety of construction types drawn from a number of diverse languages, with special emphasis on serial verb constructions.


5. Topic, Subject, and Possessor

时间:4月9日,星期日,上午9:00-11:00
地点:北航一号楼316室。

Many linguistic phenomena demonstrate a special affinity among the notions topic, subject, and possessor. The basis for their relationship is their common characterization as nominal reference points. A variety of grammatical evidence is presented in support of this description. The notions topic and subject are especially closely related. Topics function at different levels of discourse organization, a clause being the lowest level. Subjects can be characterized as intrinsic clause-internal topics.


6. Double Subject Constructions

时间:4月9日,星期日,下午3:00-5:00
地点:北航一号楼316室。

Double subject constructions are a basic feature of many languages. Though problematic from certain theoretical standpoints, they are straightforwardly described in Cognitive Grammar as the combination of several independently attested phenomena. Evidence from Japanese shows the need to distinguish double subject constructions, in a strict sense of the term, from overtly identical constructions involving a complex predicate. Complex predicate constructions are seen as emerging when double subject constructions assume a particular configuration.


7. Locatives
时间:4月11日,星期二,上午9:00-11:00
地点:北京师范大学(具体地点待定)。

The basic methodology of Cognitive Grammar is illustrated by its use in justifying some basic descriptive constructs (such as profiling and trajector/landmark organization). Languages exhibit considerable variety in their expression of locative relationships. Locatives in English are compared to those of Mixtec, which seem to be radically different. Analysis reveals the specific nature of the similarities and the differences, which are less extensive than they first appear.


8. Possession, Location, and Existence
时间:4月11日,星期二,下午3:00-5:00
地点:北京语言大学逸夫报告厅。

Possession is characterized at both the prototype and schema levels. Also discussed are possessive grounding and different kinds of clausal possession. BE-type possessives are related to expressions of location and existence. Despite their abstract similarity as reference point constructions, HAVE- and BE-type possessives derive from different historical sources involving different conceptual archetypes.


9. Voice
时间:4月12日,星期三,下午3:00-5:00
地点:北京外国语大学逸夫楼第三阶梯教室。


The notion voice is broadly interpreted as pertaining to variation in the prominence of relational participants. A fundamental distinction hinges on whether an agent or a theme represents the default choice to be focused as trajector. Voice alternations involve both focal prominence and degree of specificity. A survey is made of different kinds of impersonal constructions, including some employing personal pronouns. Explaining why personal pronouns can be used impersonally leads to a semantic characterization of impersonal it.


10. Impersonals

时间:4月13日,星期四,下午3:00-5:00
地点:清华大学第五教学楼。

Impersonal it is approached from three perspectives: consideration of other constructions, of other pronouns, and of a basic cognitive model called the “control cycle”. Each provides some clues about its meaning, which can be seen as a special case of more general phenomena. This leads to a semantic characterization of it and several it-constructions.

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